For those looking into studying agriculture, horticulture may be the one you feel is best for you instead of other career choices.
Horticulture is a course in agriculture that focuses on science, art, growing plants, and technology. This includes such topics as fruits, cultivation of medicinal plants, vegetables, seeds, sprouts, nuts, herbs, flowers, mushrooms, algae, seaweed and even non-food items like plants, trees, and grass. The courses also cover landscape restoration, plant conservation, construction, garden design, landscape, arboriculture, and maintenance.
Once you have graduated, you will be known as a horticulturist. These professionals use their knowledge to grow plants for human consumption as well as non-food products as well as social and personal needs. Their work details plant cultivation and propagation with the goal of improving yields, growth, nutritional value, quality, as well as work toward creating products or plants that are resistance to environmental issues, disease, and insects. Most find employment in such positions as designers, therapists, technical advisers, gardeners, and growers in food and non-food industries of horticultural.
When you study horticulture there are 9 main areas that you will be studying which include two groups edibles and ornaments. The 9 areas include:
- Arboriculture which is the study of plant, selection, care, removal of perennial woody plants, trees, vines, and shrubs.
- Managing Turf is studying all the factors on the creation as well as maintenance of turf grass for areas such as leisure use, sports or other areas.
- Floriculture is the study of marketing and production of crops of flowers.
- landscape horticulture is the study of marketing, producing, and maintaining any plants used for creating landscapes.
- Olericulture involves marketing and producing vegetables.
- Pomology is the study of marketing and producing pome fruits.
- Viticulture involves marketing and producing grapes.
- Oenology involves factors of wine as well as wine making.
- Post-harvest physiology includes preserving the quality of as well as the prevention of rotting of animals and plants.