The core problem for India in the current times is the ever burgeoning population. The lack of awareness and influx from neighbouring most densely populated country Bangladesh is also adding to the woes. This has led to food inflation in India, which is due to increase in demand and decrease in the supply of food grains. More and more farmers are turning towards cash crops like vegetables, as it gives instant cash. Another issue is the lack of government aid and proper use of the land as a resource. This has led to the farmer taking less interest in growing food grains.
The ill effects of fertilisers and pesticides
There has not been proper research in the agricultural field to meet the demand of food grains. The short-term increase in production which was called the “Green Revolution” was due to the use of fertilisers and pesticides. The long-term effect of these chemicals was not seen, as there was a dearth of students wanting to study Bachelors in agriculture, and help the farmers as practical scientists. Even the fertilisers’ grants were embezzled by successive governments as scams leading us to the present situation. So,what is the solution to this problem? Well, there is no short-term solution and long-term measures like going fully organic will only help.
Use of organic methods is the solution
Using pesticides and chemical based on fertilisers has spread all over the world. The reason behind this move is that these chemicals get stuck in our food and cause health problems. This can be seen with the cases of the killer “cancer” increasing 50 times since the green revolution. The solution is to revert back to using organic fertilisers like animal manure and dried leaves and use organic fungicides and pesticides. Neem, a tree found in abundance in India can provide the solution to pests. The extract from this tree can help to produce natural pest-controlling agents.